What is my net worth? It’s a common question a lot of people don’t know the answer to. Net worth sounds like a fancy calculation that would be difficult for the average person to calculate. Luckily, that’s not the case.
Calculating your net worth is extremely straight forward as long as you understand the components of your net worth. Today, we’ll dive into the components and how to calculate them which will allow you to find out what your net worth is.
Net Worth = Assets – Liabilities
I have a very thorough understanding of these definitions as an accountant, but I realize not everyone else has the same background as me. These aren’t hard to learn. Let’s get started by learning the definitions of assets, liabilities and net worth.
What Are Assets?
Assets are things you own that have value. Another way to look at assets is to think of them as things that you can sell to make money if you need to.
Some examples of assets include:
- Certificates of deposit
- Savings and checking accounts
- Investments (stocks, bonds, mutual funds, ETFs, REITs, etc)
- Retirement accounts
- Real estate
- Any other item of value
The list above definitely doesn’t list every possible asset. Furniture, computers, cell phones, appliances and TVs can also be considered assets. The problem with these assets is their values often begin to diminish rapidly so I don’t include them in my calculations. You can include them in your calculations if you wish, but make sure to only include the value you could get if you sold it today, not what you bought it for.
What Are Liabilities?
Liabilities are what you owe other people and institutions, like banks. If you borrowed money to buy a house or a car, then your mortgage or car loan would be considered liabilities.
Some examples of liabilities include:
- Credit card debt
- Car loans
- Home equity lines of credit or loans
- Personal loans
- Student loans
- Payday loans
- Cash advances
- Tax debt
- Any other form of debt not listed
Anything you owe to anyone should likely be considered a liability. This list doesn’t include every liability possible, but it does cover the major ones most people will have. If you owe money to someone or an institution, then chances are you have a liability.
Make sure you list ALL of your liabilities to get an accurate calculation. Unlike with assets, you want to include everything because you’ll have to pay off all of your liabilities, or debt, at some point in the future.
Your Net Worth Statement – How To Calculate It And What It Is
Now that we know what assets and liabilities are, we can calculate your net worth and produce a net worth statement! To start the process, open up a spreadsheet or grab a piece of paper and a pen. Once we’re done, this will be your net worth statement.
Next, make two sections, one for your assets and one for your liabilities. Using the lists above as an example of what to include, write down all of your assets and their current value along with all of your liabilities and the amount you owe for each one.
Once you’re done listing your assets and liabilities, add up each category to get a total number for the value of all of your assets and a total number for how much you owe for all of your liabilities. Simply take your total assets and subtract from that the amount of your total liabilities and you’ll have your net worth. As an equation and simple definition, net worth is calculated as follows:
Assets – Liabilities = Net Worth
Once you’re done, your spreadsheet or piece of paper might look like the net worth statement below. If you’d like a copy of the excel spreadsheet in the image below, please contact me and I’ll email it to you.
Why A Net Worth Calculation Is Useful
Your net worth will tell you how much money you’d have left over if you sold all of your assets, paid off all of your liabilities today and started out all over again with nothing but cash. Now, realistically, I know that you’ll never sell all of your assets and pay off all of your liabilities in the same day. If your net worth is negative it wouldn’t even be possible! So why do I think net worth is important?
Net worth is a benchmark that you can use to measure your progress. The more assets you accumulate the better off you’ll be financially, in general. I say in general because if you’re a hoarder chances are what you consider “assets”, most people probably consider junk… just sayin’.
If you’re just getting started in your financial journey, don’t be surprised if you have a negative net worth. You should always strive to have a positive and growing net worth, unless you’re retired, so find ways you can make more money or spend less in order to increase your assets and pay off your liabilities. [Related: 123 Ways To Save Money]
Some Things to Keep in Mind
- Make sure to revisit the value of your assets every once in a while. Your car is going to go down in value with every month and mile that passes. To get an accurate value for my car I use Kelly Blue Book‘s private party value.
- If you own a house it is often difficult to value it. Use your best guess but try not to over estimate. I use Zillow and Trulia to try come up with estimate but understand that it may not work well in your area. Another alternative is to talk to a real estate agent friend or check out how much recent comparable homes in your area have been selling for.
- Net worth can fluctuate rapidly if you hold a lot of investments and the market is making big moves every day. Try not to get too upset if your net worth goes down a lot one month or too excited if it skyrockets. Over time and with some effort your net worth should grow if you are spending less than you earn, are you paying down debt and/or are investing.
- I track my net worth monthly. I wouldn’t suggest you track it any more often than that. I use a basic spreadsheet to keep track of it and just update the numbers every month.
Do you calculate your net worth? If not, why not? If so, how often? How do you track it?